Steve Benner, Amazon, August 18, 2002
Friday, April 5, 2019 Press

Originally the second half of a 2-CD set, Mouvances ~ Métaphores (Movements ~ Metaphors)” but now re-released as a stand-alone disc, Les dérives du signe (The Misguidance of Signs) contains four major tape works from one of the most significant contemporary composers of computer-produced sound art of our age, Francis Dhomont. Although ostensibly linked, as suggested in the CD’s title, through “the ubiquity and ambiguity of signs [which] inform us and lead us astray,” I would suggest that in reality these four works have little in common with each other beyond being prime examples of Francis Dhomont’s acousmatic output of the mid 80s. Not that this makes the release any less desirable or worthwhile, of course. In fact, the variety of the programmatic content of the four works on offer here makes for a more varied and balanced collection than is the case with some other discs of this composer’s music.

This collection opens with the 20-minute work, Novars, composed in 1989 as an homage to musique concrète in general, and specifically to Pierre Schaeffer “its ill-fated inventor”. The entire work is constructed from a series of computer-processed variations derived from just two musical quotations, one from Pierre Schaeffer’s Étude aux objets of 1959, the other from Guillaume de Machaut’s Messe de Nostre Dame of 1364 — although there is a passing reference to Pierre Henry’s (in)famous creaking door from his work of 1963, Variations pour une porte et un soupir (Variations for a Door and a Sigh), thrown in for good measure. The work thus combines elements of the fourteenth century Ars Nova, with those of the “New Art” of our own century (just past): musique concrète and its realisation through the application of computer technology.

The work is a slowly unfolding, contemplative study of the infinite musical possibilities on offer from its twin source materials, neither of which are ever fully revealed, but rather are eternally veiled by the shimmering and complex treatments to which they have been subjected. For those unused to works of this kind, however, the listening experience may not be a gentle one: like much of Francis Dhomont’s music, Novars is not for the faint-hearted or the lover of sweet harmonies. It is, after all, a celebration of the new; any lovers of the old, unreceptive to revolutionary ideas, will undoubtedly have an abhorrence to such as this. Fans of electroacoustic works, though, will see this for what it is: a landmark treatise of epic scope.

Somewhat easier on the ears, perhaps, is the slightly earlier (1987) composition Chiaroscuro. As its title suggests, this piece is concerned with the interplay of shadow and light, with opacity and transparency of sound, revelling as it does in the game of masking the sources of its sound materials to produce a perpetual uncertainty of meaning; a veritable assemblage of ambiguities making for an acousmatic regalement of the highest order. To quote the composer: “one believes one holds the image but it sifts between the fingers, or allows itself to be covered, engulfed by a new image closing in upon it.” This is a work that you can simply sit back and let wash over you, as it swirls and splashes and gurgles and creaks and rattles and sings and sighs its way through its 17-minute duration.

Clocking in at just less than 13 minutes, the 1989 composition Météores (Meteors) is the shortest work in this disc. In fact, it is but the third and closing movement of a longer [work] , Chroniques de la lumière (Chronicles of Light), which presents sonic representations of visual or luminous phenomena. Météores uses an accumulation of short, tinkling bursts of sound, gently building from a sparse and austere opening, to construct an ever denser flurry of sonic events, somewhat akin to an electronic snow-storm.

The final work, Signé Dionysos (Signed Dionysus) (1986, 91), stands somewhat apart from the rest of the music on the disc. Described by its composer as an “operacousmatic”, it portrays, in a most charming and humorous manner, the dramas played out on a late spring evening in and around a small lake in Saint-Rémy-de-Provence. But this is an opera like no other, for “all of the roles, from the diva to the choir, [are] taken by… frogs.” It begins with an opening scene — a kind of prologue — in which the day-time human visitors gradually finish their play and depart, leaving the stage set for the appearance of the main characters, who, I might add, sing with great gusto and passion. Joined by snippets of birdsong, and other natural sounds of the night, the voices of frogs — mostly real, but also synthetic or computer-processed — mingle with occasional orchestral sounds and other musical noises to form an intoxicating and entertaining series of tableaux.

Almost 30 minutes in length, this substantial work is entirely fascinating from beginning to end, constituting one of the very best acousmatic compositions it is possible to find. Not only a work of great beauty, it is also a masterpiece of dramatic tension and release, humour and suspense, replete with musical and sonic jokes aplenty, as well as pathos and a sense of the surreal; a veritable paradise of paradox and ambiguity. Or, as the composer puts it: “Truth or lie? Found, processed or constructed sound? All of these delusions confound the ear and, as with wine, alter the senses.” Quite so; this is heady stuff indeed! Absolutely unbeatable! The disc would be worth having for the final track alone; combined with the other works on offer here, this release should be considered well nigh irresistible.

Contrasts drawn in sonic quicksand. 5/5

Contrasts drawn in sonic quicksand.


Steve Benner, Amazon, April 22, 2002
Friday, April 5, 2019 Press

Sous le regard d’un soleil noir (Beneath the Glare of a Black Sun) dates mostly from 1979, with a further, central, movement added in 1981. Francis Dhomont based this large-scale (51-minute) masterpiece on the psychoanalytical writings of RD Laing and the work features settings of texts drawn from the French translations of The Divided Self, Knots and The Politics of Experience. These are used, alongside extracts from Franz Kafka’s The Burrow and Plato’s The Republic, to construct a fantastical acousmatic melodrama, charting a slow descent into the madness of schizophrenia. In subject matter, therefore, it forms the first part of what is currently a diptych of works dubbed Cycle des profondeurs (Cycle of Depths), in which the composer explores madness and other aspects of psychoanalytical thought.

Musically, this first panel of the diptych is considerably less harsh and not as harrowing as the same theme’s treatment in its later counterpart, Forêt profonde. It consists principally of speaking voices, subjected to computer processing (although never to a sufficient degree to render the speech unintelligible) and accompanied by a fairly gentle backdrop of electronic textures and other computer-processed sounds. And thoroughly engaging it is, too.

As is normal for an acousmatician, Francis Dhomont indulges in numerous musical puns and associative trickery throughout the work — such as basing much of the work around B natural (‘si’, in French) as musical reference to the obsessive alliteration of the conditional ‘if’ (also ‘si’ in French) which occurs in part of RD Laing’s Knots. The work’s subject matter, as well as its basis on B natural, also provides the composer with the opportunity to draw upon references to another great ‘invention on one note’, Act III of Alban Berg’s opera Wozzeck. Musical quotations from that work — as well as words from Georg Büchner’s original play — appear in muted and mangled form throughout Sous le regard d’un soleil noir in much the same manner (and with similar effectiveness) as fragments of Robert Schumann’s Kinderscenen are used within Forêt profonde.

How such musical and poetic treatments can be applied to such essentially clinical source material almost beggers belief but, as ever, Francis Dhomont pulls it off completely. This work’s eight movements, which play continuously, weave an intoxicating web of sound that makes for a thoroughly absorbing listen. And, in spite of the work’s heavy dependence upon the spoken word, the musical imagery — and the sheer beauty of the soundworld — should be sufficiently vivid for even the most severely francophone-challenged of listeners to be undeterred. In any case, the bilingual booklet which accompanies the disc gives a full translations of all of the texts, together with copious programme notes.

Poetic treatments of clinical sources. Wholeheartedly recommended for the adventurous listener. 5/5

Poetic treatments of clinical sources.


Steve Benner, Amazon, March 25, 2002
Friday, April 5, 2019 Press

Composed over a two year period, from 1994 to ’96, Francis Dhomont’s Forêt profonde constitutes the second part of a series of his works dubbed the Cycle des profondeurs, or “Cycle of Depths”, inspired by psychoanalytical thought, following on from Sous le regard d’un soleil noir (Beneath the Glare of a Black Sun) of 1979-81, ’83. (The world continues to await the arrival of a third part.)

Francis Dhomont himself describes his works as showing “an interest in morphological interplay and sense / sound ambiguities.” These preoccupations certainly come to the fore in this large-scale (58-minute) acousmatic melodrama, based on Bruno Bettelheim’s essay The Uses of Enchantment. The work is, in fact, a veritable masterpiece in the acousmatic idiom, using readings from academic texts, as well as fairy stories recounted by both children’s and adults’ voices in many languages, coupled with recognisable real-world sound recordings, all designed to invoke images from nightmares and from folk and fairytales. The whole is presented over a bed of processed and synthetic sound — at times little more than chaotic assemblages of noise — which is never anything but deeply penetrating and disturbing and yet profoundly engaging, for all that. As an added touch, tantalising threads from Robert Schumann’s Op. 15 Kinderscenen (Scenes from Childhood) are woven through the fabric of Forêt profonde. Some straight, some warped, the very incongruity of these additions adds greatly to the work’s twilit nether-world nature.

The half-understood texts combine with the sounds of rushing wind and water, forest birds and other creatures, as well as dense electronic sonorities, to make this disc a challenging musical experience, overall. Those listeners with the courage and fortitude to persevere, however, will be treated to a quite magical (and I use that word advisedly) and intoxicating “guided tour of the childhood soul,” which truly offers a chance to awaken the “magic intuition of childhood, that always sleeps in us with one eye open.” And to benefit from the experience, too.

A comprehensive 40-page booklet (in French and English) accompanies the disc, providing full details of the texts used in the work, as well as an analysis of the thinking behind its composition. This makes for a fascinating read of itself. All in all, I would say that no-one can afford to be without this release. So, then, what are you waiting for?

A work of great profundity indeed! 5/5

A work of great profundity indeed!

«Musique actuelle — Topographie d’un genre»: une musique distincte pour une société distincte

Philippe Renaud, Le Devoir, March 11, 2019
Monday, March 11, 2019 Press

Dans son nouvel ouvrage, Réjean Beaucage, journaliste, critique et directeur général du festival Akousma, tente de cerner, à travers trois événements marquants, la plus singulière contribution québécoise au monde musical contemporain: la musique actuelle. «Il fut un temps où chaque fois qu’on parlait de musique actuelle, les gens disaient: “C’est quoi ça, au juste?” La fameuse définition… C’était presque devenu une blague: qu’est-ce que c’est que la musique actuelle? Ce livre, c’est la réponse en deux cents pages.»

«Je me sens un peu comme un commissaire qui déniche des affaires pour ensuite les montrer aux gens», explique l’auteur, qui a consacré l’essentiel de sa carrière à observer et à analyser le vaste univers des musiques de création «anti-commerciales», pour reprendre la boutade du guitariste René Lussier, cité dans ce passionnant livre paru aux éditions Varia.

Un devoir de mémoire qui a le mérite d’être accessible et pédagogique: en dévorant le livre, on comprend mieux cette étrange créature qu’est la musique actuelle, on apprend surtout comment cette scène musicale a pris racine chez nous, à partir de trois festivals fondateurs.

«Moi, ce que je dis [dans le livre], c’est que la musique actuelle vient du Québec, à partir de 1961». Août 1961, pour être précis. Le compositeur et chef d’orchestre Pierre Mercure organisait la Semaine internationale de la musique actuelle. Cette musique était alors nommée, dans toute son indescriptible diversité, alors que musiques de concert et musiques improvisées étaient mises en scène, en plus de performances de danse, de film expérimental…

Les œuvres de John Cage, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Iannis Xénakis, György Ligeti, Serge Garant ou encore Edgar Varèse étaient au programme (certaines en création), Yoko Ono était aussi invitée à cette fête des musiques étranges.

«L’emblème» de la musique actuelle, selon Beaucage, est Structures métalliques II, composition de Pierre Mercure interprétée sur scène par Armand Vaillancourt le 6 août 1961 au Monument-National. Une improvisation dirigée durant laquelle le sculpteur frappait sur des structures de métal préparées par lui. «Que l’on présente un sculpteur comme soliste, […] c’était un geste pour le moins provocateur», écrit l’auteur, soulignant ici la rupture entre les musiques institutionnalisées et la musique de création spontanée.

Les deux autres jalons de la musique actuelle racontés par Beaucage sont d’abord la naissance du Festival international de musique actuelle de Victoriaville (FIMAV) en décembre 1983 — l’événement célébrera son 35e anniversaire, du 16 au 19 mai — ainsi que l’unique édition montréalaise du festival itinérant New Music America, rebaptisé chez nous Montréal Musiques Actuelles, en 1990. Son programme riche et éclectique mettait en vedette le Kronos Quartet, Les Granules (Derome et Lussier, qui enregistraient sur l’étiquette Ambiances Magnétiques, le socle sur lequel s’est érigée la musique actuelle au Québec), une œuvre de La Monte Young, une performance du groupe industriel Einstürzende Neubauten (chorégraphiée par La La La Human Steps!) et The Residents.

Le souvenir de ces événements, et particulièrement de la semaine de Pierre Mercure, «ne doit pas disparaître», insiste Beaucage, qui parle de l’événement de 1961 comme le big bang de la musique actuelle, au Québec comme ailleurs. «Je cite [le compositeur et saxophoniste] Jean Derome qui dit: “Cette musique-là se fait ailleurs, sous un autre nom, mais chez nous, au Québec, on a développé quelque chose»”. Ailleurs dans le livre, Beaucage cite l’ouvrage Plunderphonics, Pataphysics Pop Mechanics de l’auteur Andrew Jones: «Le Québec constitue une étude de cas illustrant comment un petit réseau de musiciens, promoteurs, critiques et fans dévoués peut favoriser la croissance d’un nouveau genre musical; une musique distincte pour une société distincte».

Beaucage fait aussi un lien entre le travail de ces musiciens de l’avant-garde, ces as improvisateurs, et «un retour au folklore [québécois], notamment avec Lussier et son tapage de pied. Je ne voudrais pas être chauvin et dire que la musique actuelle ne se fait qu’ici et pas ailleurs, mais ce qui est sûr, c’est qu’avec le FIMAV, ça a consolidé [les efforts de la scène]. Et tout arrive en même temps, le festival à Victoriaville, la création d’Ambiances Magnétiques, en plus d’une certaine émancipation des musiciennes» telles que la compositrice et saxophoniste Joane Hétu.

Réjean Beaucage définit ainsi cette musique actuelle à travers les festivals parce que «c’est dans un festival que se rencontrent toutes les influences musicales. À la première édition du FIMAV, il y avait l’Orchestre symphonique de Montréal, suivi d’une performance d’un percussionniste brésilien, puis Margie Gillis qui offrait une performance solo. Toutes sortes d’affaires étranges mises ensemble, certaines plus grand public, comme l’OSM, et d’autres complètement bizarres. C’est ça, la musique actuelle, d’un bout à l’autre du spectre musical, mais ensemble».

Le Québec constitue une étude de cas illustrant comment un petit réseau de musiciens, promoteurs, critiques et fans dévoués peut favoriser la croissance d’un nouveau genre musical; une musique distincte pour une société distincte.

Desta vez, os Dias da Música Electroacústica convidam à imersão

Cristina Fernandes, Publico, February 19, 2019
Tuesday, February 19, 2019 Press

A música de Mario Mary, Robert Normandeau e Jaime Reis poderá ser ouvida num espaço sonoro tridimensional nas escolas superiores de música de Lisboa, Porto e Castelo Branco.

O próximo ciclo de concertos integrado nos Dias de Música Electroacústica (DME), que decorre entre 19 e 22 de Fevereiro em Lisboa, em Castelo Branco e no Porto, será dedicado aos compositores Mario Mary (Argentina/França/Mónaco) e Robert Normandeau (Canadá), acompanhados pelo português Jaime Reis, fundador e director artístico deste festival itinerante que toma a cidade de Seia como base, mas que tem promovido paralelamente diversas edições noutros pontos do país. Desde 2017, o festival conta também com o Espaço Lisboa Incomum (Rua General Leman, nº 20), destinado a promover a partilha de projectos experimentais nos campos da arte e da ciência.

Desta vez, os DME passarão pela Escola Superior de Música de Lisboa (dia 19), pela Escola Superior de Artes do Espectáculo de Castelo Branco (dia 20) e pela Escola Superior de Música e Artes do Espectáculo do Porto (dia 22), no âmbito de uma digressão que inclui conferências e concertos. Para cada um destes concertos, Jaime Reis preparou “um sistema de difusão de som imersivo”, em forma de cúpula. Segundo este compositor, com uma vasta obra no campo da electroacústica apresentada em Portugal e no estrangeiro, trata-se de “um sistema que permite simular movimentos do som num espaço tridimensional, gerando formas ou percursos espaciais para criar movimentos como rotações elípticas, espirais, explosões espectrais, paredes de som e outros”. Robert Normandeau e Jaime Reis apresentam obras compostas para este tipo de sistema, enquanto Mario Mary mostrará ao público a sua ampla experiência como espacializador sonoro, difundindo em tempo real as suas obras em estéreo e multicanal nos sistemas imersivos preparados para o efeito. A digressão conta ainda com a participação do pianista ucraniano Vasyl Tsanko, solista convidado do ensemble DME.

O programa do concerto desta terça-feira (Auditório da ESML, 21h30) inclui as obras Rock (2013) e El sofisticado sonido del Dasein (2018), de Mario Mary; Fluxus, pas trop haut dans le ciel (2017), de Jaime Reis; e Figures de rhétorique (1997) e Raíl (2019), de Robert Normandeau. Esta última terá nesta ocasião a sua estreia mundial. Composta entre 2012 e 2019 durante várias estadias no estrangeiro, Raíl extrai os seus materiais musicais de várias fontes sonoras, entre as quais comboios (incluindo gravações do Canadá, dos EUA e do México) e helicópteros registados ao longo de 20 anos, entre os quais o helicóptero da Sureté du Québec (a polícia do Quebeque) que sobrevoou o bairro do compositor durante as manifestações estudantis do movimento Spring Maple, em 2012. De Normandeau, professor na Universidade de Montréal e detentor de vários prémios internacionais, será possível ouvir ainda Figures de rhétorique, para fita e piano, em que as figuras de estilo da arte retórica, organizadas por categorias, determinam a relação entre a fita e o piano nos quatro andamentos, e onde se incluem passagens semi-improvisadas.

As composições de Mario Mary, professor na Rainier III Academy, no Mónaco, e director artístico do festival Monaco Electroacoustique compreendem, respectivamente, uma homenagem ao rock progressivo (ou rock sinfónico do início dos anos 70), que marcou a sua adolescência, e uma obra inspirada pelas ideias do filósofo Martin Heidegger, que definiu o sujeito (o homem) como Dasein (o ser-aí). Para Mario Mary, a música de El sofisticado sonido del Dasein “incorpora uma abordagem autêntica em que o material sonoro, a orquestração, a polifonia e o discurso musical” enfatizam características da sua estética pessoal, assim como “um trabalho reflexivo” sobre a arte eletroacústica e o mundo de hoje.

Finalmente, Fluxus, pas trop haut dans le ciel, de Jaime Reis, professor na ESART e na ESML e investigador do INET-md (Universidade Nova de Lisboa), faz parte de um ciclo de peças inspiradas em elementos físicos, que desenvolvem elementos musicais relacionados com a mecânica dos fluidos. Neste caso, a obra centra-se no que o compositor chamou de “paisagens sonoras aéreas". Segundo Jaime Reis, “a espacialização sonora actua como um parâmetro musical central, onde a distribuição do som pelos altifalantes está relacionada não só com diferentes tipos de movimentos e formas espaciais, mas também com mudanças espectrais, com velocidades diferentes e com outros parâmetros.”

Com pequenas variantes, este programa será apresentado na quarta-feira, às 21h30, em Castelo Branco, e no dia 22, às 19h, no Porto, sendo precedido por conferências e sessões de trabalho com os compositores.

By continuing browsing our site, you agree to the use of cookies, which allow audience analytics.